CLS Meeting Series - Megan Zirnstein (Penn State University)
Jan 23, 2015
from 09:00 AM to 10:30 AM
|Where||127 Moore Building|
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When Cognitive Control and Fluency Combine: Prediction Effects in the L2
Although much recent research has shown that lifelong bilingual experience can incur changes and even benefits in cognitive control ability (e.g., Bak et al., 2014; Gold et al., 2013), little research has focused on how this might affect reading comprehension. Cognitive control ability plays an important role in determining how well readers are able to understand text, especially under circumstances that require greater processing effort for successful comprehension to occur (e.g., when texts are less cohesive, have multiple anaphoric referents, etc.) I will present data from a series of experiments showing that cognitive control ability plays a role when readers must resolve conflict when lexical predictions are disconfirmed. This effect occurs in both native and non-native reading, and for bilingual readers, interacts with language fluency to determine whether predictions are likely to be generated. These results have implications for how we conceive of long-term effects of bilingualism and repercussions for reading ability across the lifespan.