CLS Speaker Series - Cristobal Lozano (University of Granada) From Experiments to Corpora and Back: Anaphora Resolution in L2 Spanish
From Experiments to Corpora and Back: Anaphora Resolution in L2 Spanish
In this talk, we will argue for the need to combine experimental data with naturalistic corpus production data to study the same linguistic phenomenon. A case in point is anaphora resolution (AR) in L2 Spanish, i.e., how anaphoric expressions (null pronouns, overt pronouns and NPs) refer to their antecedents in prior discourse. Much experimental work has overrelied in one type of context (Position of Antecedent Strategy), but naturalistic production data from recent L2 corpus studies reveals that there are additional scenarios and factors that have been overlooked in experimental work (Lozano 2016). Therefore, relevant factors from corpus findings can be implemented and controlled in experiments, both offline in L1 Greek-L2 Spanish (Lozano forth. 2017), and an online (reaction time experiment in L1 English-L2 Spanish that we are currently designing in PSU).
We will discuss the implications of these findings within a current theory of L2 acquisition / bilingualism (Sorace's 2011 Interface Hypothesis) and within a ‘cyclic model’ of data triangulation in L2 acquisition research (Mendikoetxea & Lozano submitted): The experimental findings can be the departure point for an exploratory corpus study, which in turn reveals factors that can be manipulated/controlled in an experiment, which in turn may show additional factors to explore in the corpus, and so on.